2 edition of Patterns of land use pressure in communal areas of Zimbabwe found in the catalog.
Patterns of land use pressure in communal areas of Zimbabwe
by Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zimbabwe in Mount Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe
Written in English
|Statement||by Assefa Mehretu.|
|Series||Working paper ;, AEE 9/91, Working paper (University of Zimbabwe. Dept. of Agricultural Economics & Extension) ;, AEE 91/9.|
|LC Classifications||HD2131 .A46 no. 91/9|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||15 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||15|
|LC Control Number||94980217|
increasingly so nowadays in the context of rapid growth and changes in land use. Governments are under increasing pressure to deliver public services in the face of an already high and growing demand for land. Many recent policy dialogues on land have highlighted compulsory acquisition as an area . Much of the prime agricultural land in Zimbabwe was alienated by the colonial administration and gazetted as private land, leaving much of the poorer quality land as communal land (Kwashirai, ; Wels, ).At independence in , communal land made up % of Zimbabwe’s land area, and was settled by Africans who largely practiced subsistence agriculture .
‘The Politics of Land Acquisition and Struggles over Land in the “Communal” Areas of Zimbabwe: The Gokwe Region in the s and s’, Africa, 71, 2 (). Nyambara, P. S. ‘Madheruka and Shangwe: Ethnic Identities and the Culture of Modernity in Gokwe, Northwestern Zimbabwe, ’, Journal of African History, 42 (). Land ownership, and rights of use of land, have been central issues for many countries throughout history, and for many are also issues of the day. In Zimbabwe, for the first ten years after independence in , land redistribution was limited largely to that occurring on a willing-buyer, willing-seller basis (as defined by the Lancaster House Agreement).
This paper considers evidence of land degradation and its impact on livestock production systems in the communal areas of southern Zimbabwe. Various measures of rangeland degradation, using both primary and secondary production indicators, are examined. Land reform in Zimbabwe officially began in with the signing of the Lancaster House Agreement, as an effort to more equitably distribute land between black subsistence farmers and white Zimbabweans of European ancestry, who had traditionally enjoyed superior political and economic programme's stated targets were intended to alter the ethnic balance of land ownership.
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Citation Mehretu, A. () Patterns Of Land Use Pressure In Communal Areas Of Zimbabwe, AEE Working Paper no. Harare, Mt. Pleasant: : Assefa Mehretu. An AEE Working principal objectives of this paper is to demonstrate that land use pressure and related problems in Zimbabwe’s CAs (Communal Areas) are largely the outcome of adverse consequences of distributional incongruity in space (DIS) between population density and land : Assefa Mehretu.
With employment opportunities drying up in the s this changed thanks to structural adjustment, with new patterns of land use emerging in the communal areas including some intensification (see below). Nevertheless, the basic patterns persisted within a dualistic agrarian structure, with the communal areas highly constrained.
FOR LIVESTOCK DEVELOPMENT IN THE DRYLAND COMMUNAL AREAS OF ZIMBABWE Ian Scoones Introduction Carrying capacity (CC) is a term often talked about in relation to livestock in the communal areas (CAs).
It is the source of () and later under the Native Land Husbandry Act (). 3 the s compulsory destocking had been abandoned.
Communal Area Farmers Land redistribution was high on the list of priorities for the new Government in Soon after coming into power the Government established an Intensive Resettlement programme.
The specific objectives of the resettlement programme were summarised as: − To alleviate population pressure in the Communal Areas. The Politics of Land Scarcity: Land Disputes in Save Communal Area, Zimbabwe Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Southern African Studies 25(4) December.
land use. (Zimbabwe Government, ) The dramatic manifestation of the skewed distribution of land was the ownership of million hectares by white farmers of the best land in the country while 7 million people were crowded into infertile, dry and arid communal areas.
It is. Applied Geography (), /O, Problems of land use planning in the communal areas of Zimbabwe: a case study of Gutu District, Masvingo Province H. Sibanda GTZ, PO BoxMasvingo, Zimbabwe Abstract The large human and livestock populations in relation to the land area, coupled with the 'user-right' land tenure system, makes the land use planning process in the communal.
The large human and livestock populations in relation to the land area, coupled with the ‘user-right’ land tenure system, makes the land use planning process in the communal lands of Zimbabwe a special case.
Problems are associated with the historical and legislative background of the land issue in Zimbabwe. Secondly, the distribution of the African population as revealed in the census is described and major changes between the census years ofand are discussed.
Thirdly, changing patterns of settlement and land use within the peasant farming areas (Communal Lands) are examined in the context of increasing population pressures.
most communal areas of Zimbabwe, high rates of erosion occur with dire consequences. Rates of soil formation in Zimbabwe are quite low, somewhere in the order of kg per hectare per year (Whitlow ). These rates have been generally accepted for a long time but more recent observations indicate that these rates may be exaggerated.
We assessed land cover and land use change in Driefontein Grasslands Important Bird Area (Driefontein IBA), Zimbabwe, after the land reforms that took place inusing remotely sensed satellite land cover images of, and Land Tenure in Zimbabwe’s Post Agrarian Reform The A1 model farms are based on the village concept, with communal residential and grazing areas, but separate farming areas.
These are designed to alleviate pressure on the communal lands. A2 farms are much larger than the A1 farms and are self-contained and the owners are.
state of land degradation in the communal areas of Zimbabwe (Whitlow ; Stocking ). Previous studies on this phenomenon have indicated wide-spread degradation and soil erosion in the country, particularly in the communal areas, primarily attributed to farming methods, livestock practices as well as historical factors.
Definition: This entry contains the percentage shares of total land area for three different types of land use: agricultural land, forest, and other; agricultural land is further divided into arable land - land cultivated for crops like wheat, maize, and rice that are replanted after each harvest, permanent crops - land cultivated for crops like citrus, coffee, and rubber that are not.
The communal land tenure system is governed by the Communal Lands Act and is applicable to 42% of Zimbabwe’s land area, where approximately 66% of the country’s population resides. According to the Communal Lands Act, all communal land is vested in the State President who has powers to permit its occupation and utilisation in accordance.
via Comparing communal areas and new resettlements in Zimbabwe II: People and places | zimbabweland 14 July The communal areas are crowded places. The population density in Chivi district was for example 46 people per km squared in In a dryland environment (average rainfall in Chivi is about mm), land areas are not sufficient for extensive cropping and grazing areas.
Over half the population of Zimbabwe (57 per cent) live in the communal areas, almost three-quarters of which lie in natural regions IV and V, where dry-land cropping is risky at best. According to the preliminary results of the I census, these marginal lands support as many as million people, namely 62 per cent of all those who live.
"The Ideology of 'Communal' Land Tenure in Zimbabwe: Mythogenesis Enacted?" Africa 60 (2): –, ——. Idioms of Accumulation: Rural Development and Class Formation among Freeholders in Zimbabwe, ——.
"Formal and Informal Rights to Land in Zimbabwe's Black Freehold Areas: A Case Study from Msengezi.". ‘Land Tenure and the Economics of Rural Transformation: a study of strategies to relieve pressure and poverty in the Communal Areas of Zimbabwe’, Ph.D.
thesis, Oxford: University of. communal resettlement area in Marondera District of Zimbabwe) from the period to was conducted using the two methods: the Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) Trend Analysis and the calculation of changes in proportions of the land use/land cover classes.
Four land classes: woodland, cropland, wooded grassland and wetland, were.occupy 39 per cent of the total land area in the province. Table and Population Apportionment in Matabeleland North (note: population data exclude the city of Bulawayo) % of % of total land area population 1. Commercial farmland 16% 7% 2.
State national parks and sanctuaries 27% 0% 3. State forests 11% 3% 4. Communal lands 39% 73% 5.Communal Land Rights in Zimbabwe as State Sanction and Social Control: A Narrative Article (PDF Available) in Africa 71(3) February with Reads How we measure 'reads'.